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Control of S.I. Engine Exhaust Emissions Using Non-Precious Catalyst (ZSM-5) Supported Bimetals and Noble Metals as Catalyst

[+] Author Affiliations
Bankim B. Ghosh, Prokash Chandra Roy, Mita Ghosh

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India

Paritosh Bhattacharya, Rajsekhar Panua

College of Engineering and Management, Kolaghat, India

Prasanta K. Santra

Banasthali Bidyapith, Rajasthan, India

Paper No. ICES2005-1025, pp. 9-14; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/ICES2005-1025
From:
  • ASME 2005 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2005 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • Chicago, Illinois, USA, April 5–7, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4184-7 | eISBN: 0-7918-3753-X
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Three Way Catalysts (TWC) are extensively used for simultaneous control of three principal automotive pollutants, namely carbon monoxide (CO), Oxides of nitrogen (NOx), and hydrocarbon (HC). Most of works on three way catalytic converter have been carried out with noble metals such as Platinum, Rhodium, and Iridium have been tried individually and in different combinations and proportions. Noble metal catalysts give very good performance of reduction of (NOx), CO and HC in the narrow range of stoichiometric Air Fuel ratio. Noble metals are costly and not abundantly available. These draw backs of the noble metal catalysts have inspired to search for the alternative catalysts, which will perform well over the wide range of A/F ratio and are economical and abundantly available. This paper discusses the processing of ZSM-5 to Cu-Ion- Exchanged ZSM-5, ZSM-5 supported Cu-Pt bimetallic catalyst and Cu-Rh bimetallic catalyst and placing them in a three staged converter to study the reduction efficiencies of exhaust emissions CO, NOx, and HC in a 800 cc Maruti S. I. Engine. The experiments are carried out at 1500 rpm, 17.6 A/F ratio, different catalyst bed temperatures and different engine loads 0%, 17.5%, 35%, 52.5%, and 70% of full load. The results achieved are the maximum reduction of CO 90% at 375 °C NOx 90% at 375 °C and HC 61% at 380 °C. The same engine was also run for Noble metal converter (NMC) (EURO-II) purchased from an authorized Maruti distributor and the maximum reduction achieved were CO 89% at 375° C, NOx 91% at 375° C, and HC 70% at 390° C comparable to Zeolite Catalytic Converter (ZCC).

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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