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Fuel Cells vs. Competing Technologies

[+] Author Affiliations
Supramanian Srinivasan, Lakshmi Krishnan, Andrew B. Bocarsly

Princeton University, Princeton, NJ

Kan-Lin Hsueh, Chiou-Chu Lai, Alex Peng

Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Paper No. FUELCELL2003-1723, pp. 225-232; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/FUELCELL2003-1723
From:
  • ASME 2003 1st International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology
  • 1st International Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference
  • Rochester, New York, USA, April 21–23, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Electronic and Photonic Packaging Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3668-1
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME

abstract

Investments of over $1 B have been made for Fuel Cell R&D over the past five decades, for space and terrestrial applications; the latter includes military, residential power and heating, transportation and remote and portable power. The types of fuel cells investigated for these applications are PEMFCs (proton exchange membrane fuel cells), AFCs (alkaline fuel cells), DMFCs (direct methanol fuel cells), PAFCs (phosphoric acid fuel cells), MCFCs (molten carbon fuel cells), SOFCs (solid oxide fuel cells). Cell structure, operating principles, and characteristics of each type of fuel cell is briefly compared. The performances of fuel cells vs. competing technologies are analyzed. The key issues are which of these energy conversion systems are technologically advanced and economically favorable and can meet the lifetime, reliability and safety requirements. This paper reviews fuel cells vs. competing technologies in each application category from a scientific and engineering point of view.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Topics: Fuel cells

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