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Sensitivity Degradation Characteristics of Incore Neutron Detector for Heavy Water Reactor, Fugen NPP

[+] Author Affiliations
Tsuyoshi Okawa, Naoyuki Yomori

Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute, Tsuruga, Fukui, Japan

Paper No. ICONE10-22234, pp. 53-60; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/ICONE10-22234
From:
  • 10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering
  • 10th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, Volume 1
  • Arlington, Virginia, USA, April 14–18, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Nuclear Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3595-2 | eISBN: 0-7918-3589-8
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

Fugen nuclear power plant is a 165MWe, heavy water-moderated, boiling light water-cooled, pressure tube-type reactor developed by JNC, which is the world’s first thermal neutron power reactor to utilize mainly Uranium and Plutonium mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. Fugen has been loaded a total of 726 MOX fuel assemblies since the initial core in 1978. Each incore neutron detector assembly of Fugen composed of four Local Power Monitors (LPM) is located at sixteen positions in the area of heavy water moderator in the core and monitors its power distribution during operation. The thermal neutron flux of Fugen is relatively higher than that of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR), therefore LPM, which is comprised of a fission chamber, degrades more quickly than that of BWR. An Improved Long-life LPM (LLPM) pasted inner surface wall of the chamber with 234 U/235 U at a ratio of 4 to 1 had been developed through the irradiation test at Japan Material Test Reactor (JMTR). The 234 U is converted to 235 U with absorption of neutron, and compensates the consumption of 235 U. LPM has been loaded to the initial core of Fugen since 1978. JNC had evaluated its sensitivity degradation characteristics through the accumulated irradiation data and the parametric survey for 234 σa and 235 σa . Based on the experience of evaluation for sensitivity degradation, JNC has applied shuffling operation of LPM assemblies during an annual inspection outage to reduce the operating cost. This operation realizes the reduction of replacing number of LPM assemblies and volume of radioactive waste. This paper describes the sensitivity degradation characteristics of incore neutron detector and the degradation evaluation methods established in Fugen.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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