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The Influence of Thermophysical Properties on a Numerical Model of Solidification

[+] Author Affiliations
Josef Stetina, Frantisek Kavicka, Bohumil Sekanina

Technical University of Brno, Brno, Czech Republic

Jaromir Heger

ALSTOM Power Technology Centre, Whetstone, Leicester, UK

Paper No. PVP2002-1202, pp. 147-152; 6 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2002-1202
From:
  • ASME 2002 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • New and Emerging Computational Methods: Applications to Fracture, Damage, and Reliability
  • Vancouver, BC, Canada, August 5–9, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-1949-3
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

Solidification and cooling of a (con)casting, with the simultaneous heating of the mold, is a case of transient spatial heat and mass transfer. This paper introduces an original and universal numerical model of solidification, cooling and heating, of a one-to-three-dimensional stationary and transient temperature field in a system comprising the casting, the mold and its surroundings. This model simulates both traditional as well as non-traditional technologies of casting conducted in foundries, metallurgical plants, forging operations, heat-treatment processes, etc. The casting process is influenced not only by the thermophysical properties (i.e. heat conductivity, the specific heat capacity and density in the solid and liquid states) of the metallic and non-metallic materials, but also by the precision with which the numerical simulation is conducted. Determining these properties is often more demanding than the actual calculation of the temperature field of the solidifying object. Since the influence of individual properties should be neither under- nor over-estimated, it is necessary to investigate them via a parametric study. It is also necessary to determine the order of these properties in terms of their importance.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME

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