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Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Surface Tension and the Correlation on Void Fraction and Frictional Pressure Drop of an Air-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in a Horizontal Flat Capillary Rectangular Channel

[+] Author Affiliations
Hideo Ide

Kagoshima University, Koorimoto, Kagoshima, Japan

Tohru Fukano

Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan

Paper No. ICMM2003-1066, pp. 535-542; 8 pages
  • ASME 2003 1st International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels
  • 1st International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels
  • Rochester, New York, USA, April 24–25, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Nanotechnology Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3667-3
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


Air-liquid two-phase flow in a horizontal flat capillary rectangular channel has been studied to clarify the effects of concentration of surfactant solution on the flow phenomena, such as flow patterns, pressure drop, void fraction and so on. The concentrations of surfactant solution were 0, 10, 50 and 100 ppm and the surface tension of each solution was reduced to about 34mN/m from that of pure water of about 72mN/m. The dimension of the channel used was 10.0 mm × 1.0 mm. The drag reduction by mixing the surfactant was examined in both the single phase flow and the two-phase flow. The experimental data of two-phase frictional pressure drop and holdup were compared with the respective correlations which were previously proposed by the other researchers and the present authors. Finally, we proposed new correlations of two-phase frictional pressure drop and holdup in which the effect of surface tension and the aspect ratio of cross section of channel were taken into account.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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