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Improving Semi-Dry Scrubber Performance Through Gas Flow Modeling

[+] Author Affiliations
Nikita Gorsky

Covanta Projects, Inc., Fairfield, NJ

C. F. Peter Bowen

Nels Consulting Services, Inc., St. Catherines, ON, Canada

Paper No. NAWTEC13-3156, pp. 81-97; 17 pages
  • 13th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference
  • 13th North American Waste-to-Energy Conference
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, May 23–25, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Solid Waste Processing Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3756-4
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Poor flue gas flow distribution in the semi-dry scrubbers used in Waste-to-Energy facilities can cause reduced residence time for lime slurry spray droplet evaporation and subsequent “wet carryover” resulting in solids deposits on the scrubber vessel walls and ductwork and also baghouse bag blinding. In addition to promoting corrosion, the removal of deposits during boiler outages is very labor intensive. This paper identifies how gas flow modeling conducted in conjunction with Nels Consulting Services, Inc. on several different types of scrubbers at Covanta Energy’s Waste-to-Energy facilities resulted in modifications which increased the actual flue gas residence time, considerably reduced the solids deposits (scale) and associated maintenance costs, and in some cases reduced the pressure drop across the scrubbers and baghouses. The data presented includes typical model study velocity distribution data (before and after the modifications), vessel sketches, and photographs. Associated work included in-field scrubber outlet duct temperature and velocity distribution testing. The results of the in-field scrubber outlet temperature distribution testing, done both before and after the scrubber modifications, confirmed the improvements numerically by showing reduced flue gas temperature variation in the scrubber outlet duct.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Gas flow , Modeling



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