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Graphite Foam Thermosyphon Evaporator Performance: Parametric Investigation of the Effects of Working Fluid, Liquid Level, and Chamber Pressure

[+] Author Affiliations
Johnathan S. Coursey, Hongkoo Roh, Jungho Kim, Paul J. Boudreaux

University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Paper No. IMECE2002-33733, pp. 165-170; 6 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Heat Transfer, Volume 7
  • New Orleans, Louisiana, USA, November 17–22, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Heat Transfer Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3638-X | eISBN: 0-7918-1691-5, 0-7918-1692-3, 0-7918-1693-1
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


Graphite foams have recently been developed at ORNL and are beginning to be applied to thermal management of electronics. These foams consist of a network of interconnected graphite ligaments whose thermal conductivities are up to five times higher than copper. The thermal conductivity of the bulk graphite foam is similar to aluminum, but graphite foam has one-fifth the density of aluminum. This combination of high thermal conductivity and low density results in a thermal diffusivity about four times higher than that of aluminum, allowing heat to rapidly propagate into the foam. This heat is spread out over the very large surface area within the foam, enabling large amounts of energy to be transferred with relatively low temperature difference. The use of graphite foam as the evaporator of a thermosyphon is investigated due to its potential to transfer large amounts of energy without the need for external pumping. A preliminary optimization of the parameters governing evaporator performance is performed using 2-level factorial design. Performance of the system with both PF-5060 and PF-5050 were examined as well as the effects of liquid level and chamber pressure.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Pressure , Fluids , Graphite



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