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Investigation on Buckling Behavior of Cylindrical Liquid Storage Tanks Under Seismic Excitation: 1st Report — Investigation on Elephant Foot Bulge

[+] Author Affiliations
Tomohiro Ito

Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka, Japan

Hideyuki Morita, Koji Hamada, Akihisa Sugiyama, Yoji Kawamoto

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Hyogo, Japan

Hideyasu Ogo, Eiji Shirai

Kansai Electric Power Company, Inc., Osaka, Japan

Paper No. PVP2003-2120, pp. 193-201; 9 pages
  • ASME 2003 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Seismic Engineering
  • Cleveland, Ohio, USA, July 20–24, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4157-X
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


When a thin walled cylindrical liquid storage tank suffers a large seismic base excitation, buckling phenomena may be caused such as bending buckling at the bottom portion and shear buckling at the middle portion of the tank. However, the dynamic behaviors of the tanks is not fully clarified, especially those from the occurrence of buckling to some failures. In this study, bending buckling phenomena were focused which will be categorized as diamond buckling and elephant foot bulge. As ones of a series of studies, dynamic buckling tests were performed using large scale liquid storage tank models simulating thin walled cylindrical liquid storage tanks in nuclear power plants. The input seismic acceleration was increased until the elephant foot bulge occurred, and the vibrational behavior before and after buckling was investigated. In addition to the large scaled model tests, fundamental tests using small scaled tank models were also performed in order to clarify the effects of dynamic liquid pressure on the buckling threshold and deformation patterns.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME



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