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Modelling Design Interpretation as Interaction of Problem Framing and Problem Solving

[+] Author Affiliations
Martin Dzbor, Zdenek Zdrahal

The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK

Paper No. DETC2002/DTM-34009, pp. 99-108; 10 pages
  • ASME 2002 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference
  • Volume 4: 14th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology, Integrated Systems Design, and Engineering Design and Culture
  • Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 29–October 2, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: Design Engineering Division, Computers and Information in Engineering Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3624-X
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


Design is usually considered a reflective and ill-structured process. This paper presents a new, sequential model of such a process. Design is modelled as an interplay of two conceptually distinct activities — an explicit specification of a problem and a solution to it. The approach is novel in defining an operation of framing, i.e. interpretation of a given problem using certain conceptual commitments. So far, the interpretation of design problems enjoyed less rigorous investigation as the aspect of problem solving in both design theory and methodology. In this paper we model three reasoning patterns for (re-)interpreting design problems. These patterns are complemented by an operational framework based on abstracted similarity, and illustrated by extracts from experimental studies.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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