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Verification of Lateral Force Distributions for Base-Isolated Structures Including Higher Mode Effects

[+] Author Affiliations
C. S. Tsai, Bo-Jen Chen, Tsu-Cheng Chiang

Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan, R. O. C.

Wen-Shen Pong

San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA

Paper No. PVP2003-2103, pp. 65-72; 8 pages
  • ASME 2003 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Seismic Engineering
  • Cleveland, Ohio, USA, July 20–24, 2003
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4157-X
  • Copyright © 2003 by ASME


The seismic design of new seismically isolated structures is mainly governed by the Uniform Building Code (UBC-97). In the UBC code, the distribution formula of the inertial (or lateral) forces leads to a triangular shape in the vertical direction. It has been found to be too conservative for most isolated structures through experimental, computational and real earthquake examinations. In this paper, four simple and reasonable design formulae, based on the first mode of the base-isolated structures, for the lateral force distribution on isolated structures have been validated by a multiple-bay three-story base-isolated steel structure tested on the shaking table. Moreover, to obtain more accurate results for irregular structures in which higher mode contributions are more likely expected during earthquakes, another four inertial force distribution formulae are also proposed to include higher effects.

Copyright © 2003 by ASME
Topics: Force



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