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Surface Tension Actuators Droplets in Microchannels

[+] Author Affiliations
Eric Baird, Kamran Mohseni

University of Colorado at Boulder

Paper No. IMECE2005-79371, pp. 191-197; 7 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Microelectromechanical Systems
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Microelectromechanical Systems Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4224-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


A unified model is presented for the velocity of discrete droplets in microchannels actuated by surface tension modulation. Specific results are derived for the cases of electrowetting on dielectric (EWOD), dielectrophoresis (DEP), continuous electrowetting (CEW), and thermocapillary pumping (TCP). This treatment differs from previously published works by presenting one unified analytic model which is then simply applied to the specific cases of EWOD, CEW, DEP and TCP. In addition, the roles of equiliubrium contact angle and contact angle hysteresis are unambiguously described for each method. The model is shown to agree with experimental and theoretical results presented previously, predicting fluid velocities for a broad range of applications in digitized microfluidics.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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