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Validation of a Three-Dimensional Linearized Euler Analysis for Classical Wake/Stator Interactions

[+] Author Affiliations
Dilip Prasad

Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Engines, East Hartford, CT

Joseph M. Verdon

Ohio Aerospace Institute, Cleveland, OH

Paper No. GT2002-30400, pp. 685-696; 12 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2002-30400
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2002, Parts A and B
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3610-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

A comprehensive validation of the linearized Euler analysis, LINFLUX, for wake/blade row interaction is carried out. The flow configuration is that of the benchmark problem for rotor-stator interaction proposed at the Third Computational Aeroacoustics Workshop. It consists of an unstaggered, annular, flat-plate blade row excited by the vortical gusts associated with the wakes shed from an upstream rotor. The LINFLUX numerical results for the unsteady pressure responses of the stator are compared with semi-analytic lifting surface and lifting line solutions. The validation is first conducted for narrow-annulus flows, where the numerical results are shown to agree well with classical two-dimensional solutions over a range of frequencies. We then carry out a detailed comparison of the three-dimensional LINFLUX results with the lifting surface results of Namba and Schulten for a blade row with a hub to tip ratio of 0.5. This study encompasses gust excitation frequencies for which the stator responses vary from cut off to propagating, as well as gusts with varying degrees of spanwise variation. The numerical and semi-analytical analyses yield results for the stator pressure response, including the complex amplitudes of the propagating and least attenuated, evanescent, pressure modes that are in very good agreement. The effect of increasing the spanwise phase variation of the gust is generally, but not necessarily, to reduce the power associated with the acoustic response of the blade row.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Wakes , Stators

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