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Radial Impeller Forces Using CFD: Part II — A Comparison Between Compressible and Incompressible Flows

[+] Author Affiliations
Daniel O. Baun

Concepts NREC, White River Junction, VT

Ronald D. Flack

University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

Paper No. GT2002-30378, pp. 521-528; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2002, Parts A and B
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3610-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


Lateral centrifugal impeller forces are calculated using the CFD model developed in Part I of this paper. The impeller forces are evaluated by integrating the pressure and momentum profiles at both the impeller inlet and exit planes. Direct impeller lateral force measurements were made using a magnetic bearing supported pump rotor. Comparisons between the simulated and measured forces are first made for both average and transient impeller forces with water as the working fluid. Air was then substituted as the working fluid in the validated CFD model and the effect of impeller Mach number and Reynolds number on the static impeller lateral forces was investigated. The non-dimensional lateral impeller force characteristics as a function of normalized flow coefficient are similar in character between the incompressible and compressible case. At the matching point flow coefficient the non-dimensional impeller force magnitude was the same for all compressible and incompressible simulations. For any normalized flow rate other than the matching point flow rate, the magnitude of the non-dimensional impeller force increased as the Mach number increased. As the choke condition was approached the magnitude of the impeller force increased exponentially. As the Mach number increased the transition of the force orientation vector from the low flow asymptote to the high flow asymptote occurred over a progressively smaller range of flows.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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