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Shock-Induced Chemical Reactions in Multi-Functional Structural Energetic Intermetallic Nanocomposite Mixtures

[+] Author Affiliations
V. Narayanan, X. Lu, S. Hanagud

Georgia Institute of Technology

Paper No. IMECE2005-81636, pp. 463-469; 7 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2005-81636
From:
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Aerospace
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4210-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Shock induced chemical reactions of intermetallics or mixtures of metal and metal-oxides are also used to synthesize new materials with unique phases and microstructures. These materials are also of significant interest to the energetics community because of the significant amount of heat energy released during chemical reactions when subjected to shock and/or thermal loading. Binary energetic materials are classified into two categories— metal/metal oxides and intermetallics. When these materials are synthesized at a nano level with binders and other structural reinforcements, the strength of the resulting mixture increases. Thus, these materials can be used as dual-functional binary energetic structural materials. In this paper, we study the shock-induced chemical reactions of intermetallic mixtures of nickel and aluminum of varying volume fractions of the constituents. The chemical reaction between nickel and aluminum produces different products based on the volume fraction of the starting nickel and aluminum. These chemical reactions along with the transition state are modeled at the continuum level. In this paper, the intermetallic mixture is impact loaded and the subsequent shock process and associated irreversible processes such as void collapse and chemical reactions are modeled in the framework of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Extended irreversible thermodynamics (EIT) is used to describe the fluxes in this system and account for the associated irreversible processes. Numerical simulations of the intermetallic mixture are carried out using finite difference schemes.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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