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Design and Performance of a MR Torque Transfer Device

[+] Author Affiliations
Kevin Molyet, Constantin Ciocanel, Nagi Naganathan

University of Toledo

Hideki Yamamoto

Decoma International

Paper No. IMECE2005-81428, pp. 295-301; 7 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Aerospace
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4210-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Magnetorheological (MR) fluids possess the unique ability to undergo dramatic and nearly completely reversible changes in their rheological properties under the application of a magnetic field. These controllable fluids can serve as quiet, rapid interfaces between electronic controls and mechanical systems. One area of application is to use these fluids in torque transfer devices, such as clutches and brakes. After determining MR fluid properties and behavior using a rheometer, a parallel disk type MR clutch was successfully developed, which utilized a stationary electromagnetic coil. Finite element analysis was used to design the coil and clutch assembly in order to maximize the magnetic field generated within the MR fluid. The resulting magnetic field was uniform over the active portion of the clutch, easily controllable by adjusting the current passing through the coil, and provided a large range of field strength values. The experimentally measured output torque was generally in good agreement with predicted values. This work will detail the design considerations and methodology used to develop this clutch, which can be extended to the design of other MR devices.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME
Topics: Torque , Design



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