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Visualizations of the Unsteady Flow Field Near the Endwall of a Turbine Cascade

[+] Author Affiliations
Hongwei Ma, Haokang Jiang, Yaxi Qiu

Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing, P. R. China

Paper No. GT2002-30350, pp. 233-240; 8 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2002, Parts A and B
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3610-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


The unsteady flow field near the endwall of a turbine cascade was visualized in a water tunnel using the hydrogen bubble technique. With the help of a light sheet, the experiment was carried out at different incidences without a radial clearance. A fluctuating horseshoe vortex system of varying number of vortices is observed near the leading-edge endwall. The pressure-side leg of the vortex moves toward the suction side after it enters the passage, while the suction-side leg develops along the corner of the suction surface. With the incidence increase, the pressure-side leg of the horseshoe vortex becomes stronger and can directly kick on the suction surface, causing a considerable influence nearby. The interaction and the flow mixing among the counter-rotating horseshoe legs, the endwall boundary layer and the main flow occur in the passage, forming a vortex system traditionally called the passage vortex. The vortex patterns and the interactions are related to the incidence angle.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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