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Towards High Temperature Actuation Using Graphite Intercalation Compounds

[+] Author Affiliations
Cameron Massey, William Barvosa-Carter, Ping Liu

HRL Laboratories, LLC

Paper No. IMECE2005-80090, pp. 121-124; 4 pages
  • ASME 2005 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Aerospace
  • Orlando, Florida, USA, November 5 – 11, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Aerospace Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4210-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3769-6
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Electrochemically formed graphite intercalation compounds (GICs) have many intrinsic properties well-suited for compact actuation in applications at high temperatures. GICs using ionic liquids are of interest because of their good thermal stability at elevated temperatures, high ionic conductivity, and low volatility. In this study we observed the potential and strain behavior of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate subjected to a light compressive load and constant current. In situ measurements of the anode during intercalation showed a reversible strain of 2.5% to 4.5% from 100°C up to 250°C.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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