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Lateral Forces From Single Gland Rotor Labyrinth Seals in Turbines

[+] Author Affiliations
Bum Ho Song, Seung Jin Song

Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Paper No. GT2002-30335, pp. 99-109; 11 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2002, Parts A and B
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3610-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


Even though interest in labyrinth seal flows has increased recently, an analytical model capable of predicting turbine flow response to labyrinth seals is still lacking. Therefore, this paper presents a new model to predict flow response in an axial turbine stage with a shrouded rotor. A concentric model is first developed, and this model is used to develop an eccentric model. Basic conservation laws are used in each model, and a non-axisymmetric sealing gap is prescribed for the eccentric model. Thus, the two models can predict the evolution of a uniform upstream flow into a non-uniform downstream flow. In turbines with concentric shrouded rotors, the seal flow is retarded in the axial direction and tangentially underturned. In turbines with eccentric shrouded rotors, flow azimuthally migrates away from and pressure reaches its peak near the maximum sealing gap region. Finally, the rotordynamic implications of such flow non-uniformities are discussed and compared against eccentric unshrouded turbine predictions.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Force , Rotors , Turbines



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