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Forward Swept Rotor Studies in Multistage Fans With Inlet Distortion

[+] Author Affiliations
A. R. Wadia, P. N. Szucs, D. W. Crall

GE Aircraft Engines, Cincinnati, OH

D. C. Rabe

Wright Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, OH

Paper No. GT2002-30326, pp. 11-21; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2002-30326
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 5: Turbo Expo 2002, Parts A and B
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3610-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME

abstract

Previous experimental and analytical studies conducted to compare the performance of transonic swept rotors in single stage fans have demonstrated the potential of significant improvements in both efficiency and stall margin with forward swept blading. This paper extends the assessment of the payoff derived from forward sweep with respect to aerodynamic performance and stability to multistage configurations. The experimental investigation compares, on a back-to-back test basis, two builds of an advanced good efficiency, high pressure ratio, two-stage fan configuration tested alternately with a radial and a forward swept stage 1 blade. In the two-stage evaluations, the testing was extended to include the effect on inlet flow distortion. While the common second stage among the two builds prevented the overall fan from showing clean inlet performance and stability benefits with the forward swept rotor 1, this configuration did demonstrate superior front stage efficiency and tolerance to inlet distortion. Having obtained an already low distortion sensitivity with the radial rotor 1 configuration relative to current production military fan standards, the sensitivity to inlet distortion was halved with the forward swept rotor 1 configuration. In the case of the 180-degree one-per-rev distortion pattern, the two-stage configuration was evaluated both with and without inlet guide vanes (IGVs). The presence of the inlet guide vanes had a profound impact in lowering the two stage fan’s sensitivity with inlet distortion.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME
Topics: Fans , Rotors

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