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The Effects of Residual Stress Distribution and Geometry of Component on the Stress Intensity Factor of Surface Crack

[+] Author Affiliations
Katsumasa Miyazaki

Hitachi, Ltd., Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan

Masahito Mochizuki

Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Paper No. PVP2005-71462, pp. 827-834; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2005-71462
From:
  • ASME 2005 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, July 17–21, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4191-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3763-7
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

The stress intensity factor estimated by using the appropriate modeling of components is essential for evaluation of crack growth behavior in stress corrosion cracking. For the appropriate modeling of welded components with a crack, it is important to understand the effects of residual stress distribution and geometry of component on the stress intensity factor of surface crack. In this study, the stress intensity factors of surface crack under two assumed residual stress fields were calculated. As residual stress field, the bending type stress field (tension-compression) and the self-equilibrating stress field (tension-compression-tension) through the thickness were assumed. The geometries of components were plate and piping. The assumed surface cracks for evaluations were long crack in surface direction and semi-elliptical surface crack. Furthermore, the crack growth evaluations were conducted to understand the effects of residual stress distribution and geometry of component. Here, the crack growth evaluation means the simulation of increments of crack depth and length by using the crack growth property and stress intensity factors. From the comparison of stress intensity factors and crack growth evaluation for surface crack under residual stress field, the effects of residual stress distribution and geometry of component on the stress intensity factor of surface crack and appropriate modeling of cracked components were discussed.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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