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Application of Modified Damage Potential (ψ-Integral) to Predict Crack Initiation in Welded Pipes and Experimental Verification

[+] Author Affiliations
B. K. Dutta

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Shekhar Saini, Navneet Arora

Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, India

Paper No. PVP2005-71769, pp. 645-652; 8 pages
  • ASME 2005 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, July 17–21, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4191-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3763-7
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


The mesh dependency of Rice and Tracey cavity growth factor (CGF) is overcome by integrating the CGF over a process zone surrounding the crack tip. This integral represents a modified damage potential. The critical value of the integral for crack initiation in weld material has been determined analyzing a welded CT specimen and comparing the computed crack initiation J with experimentally measured J-initiation value. This critical value is then employed to predict crack initiation load in 8” and 12” welded pipes having different measure of through-wall cracks at the center to predict the loads under four point bending loads. The computed values are compared with the experimentally measured values. A close agreement between the computed crack initiation loads with the experimentally measured values justifies the usefulness of the present modified damage potential.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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