Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Predicting the Brittle-to-Ductile Fracture Initiation Transition Temperature for Surface-Cracked Pipe From Charpy Data

[+] Author Affiliations
Gery Wilkowski, Dave Rudland

Engineering Mechanics Corporation of Columbus, Columbus, OH

Richard Wolterman


Paper No. PVP2005-71199, pp. 545-550; 6 pages
  • ASME 2005 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, July 17–21, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4191-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3763-7
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


Much work has been done to assess constraint effects on the crack-driving force for specimens and cracks in pipes. The material’s transition temperature where the fracture process changes from ductile tearing to cleavage fracture at crack initiation is affected by the constraint conditions, but is a material property that cannot be determined analytically. This paper presents a methodology to account for constraint effects to predict the lowest temperature for ductile fracture initiation and relates that temperature to Charpy impact data for typical ferritic pipe materials. It involves a series of transition temperature shifts to account for thickness, strain-rate, and constraint to give a master curve of transition temperatures from Charpy data to through-wall-cracked or surface-cracked pipes (with various a/t values) under quasi-static loading. These transition temperature shifts were based on hundreds of pipe tests and thousands of specimen tests over several decades of work by numerous investigators. It is equally applicable to ferritic nuclear pipe for Class 2, 3, or balance of plant piping, or for older linepipe materials. If found to be reasonable, then the procedure could be used in the ASME pipe flaw evaluation procedures as a screening criterion between LEFM and EPFM failure modes.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In