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A Continuum Shape Sensitivity Method for Fracture Analysis of Orthotropic Functionally Graded Materials

[+] Author Affiliations
B. N. Rao

Indian Institute of Technology-Madras, Chennai, India

Sharif Rahman

University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA

Paper No. PVP2005-71505, pp. 421-434; 14 pages
  • ASME 2005 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, July 17–21, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4191-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3763-7
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


This paper presents a new continuum shape sensitivity method for calculating the mixed-mode stress-intensity factors of a stationary crack in two-dimensional, linear-elastic, orthotropic functionally graded materials with arbitrary geometry. The method involves the material derivative concept taken from continuum mechanics, the mutual potential energy release rate, and direct differentiation. Since the governing variational equation is differentiated prior to discretization, resulting sensitivity equations are independent of approximate numerical techniques, such as the finite element method, boundary element method, mesh-free method, or others. The discrete form of the mutual potential energy release rate is simple and easy to calculate, as it only requires multiplication of displacement vectors and stiffness sensitivity matrices. By judiciously selecting the velocity field, the method only requires displacement response in a subdomain close to the, crack tip, thus making the method computationally efficient. A finite-element based mixed-mode numerical example is presented to evaluate the accuracy of the fracture parameters calculated by the proposed method. Comparisons have been made between stress-intensity factors predicted by the proposed method and available reference solutions in the literature, generated either analytically or numerically using various other fracture integrals or analyses. Excellent agreement is obtained between the results of the proposed method and previously obtained solutions. Therefore, shape sensitivity analysis provides an attractive alternative to fracture analysis of cracks in homogeneous and non-homogeneous orthotropic materials.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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