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Application of Constraint Corrected J-R Curves to Fracture Analysis of Pipelines

[+] Author Affiliations
Xian-Kui Zhu, Brian N. Leis

Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH

Paper No. PVP2005-71202, pp. 111-121; 11 pages
doi:10.1115/PVP2005-71202
From:
  • ASME 2005 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, July 17–21, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4191-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3763-7
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

Fracture properties of API X80 pipeline steel have been developed using a set of single edge notched bend (SENB) and single edge notched tension (SENT) specimens with shallow and deep cracks to generate different crack-tip constraint levels. The test data show that the J-R curves for X80 pipeline steel are strongly constraint dependent. To facilitate transfer of the experimental J-R curves to those for actual cracked components, like flawed pipeline, constraint corrected J-R curves are developed. The two-parameter J-A2 formulation is adopted to quantify constraint effect on the crack-tip fields and the J-R curves. The constraint parameter A2 is extracted by matching the J-A2 solution with finite element results for a specific crack configuration. A constraint corrected J-R curve is then formulated as a function of the constraint parameter A2 and crack extension Δa. A general method and procedure to transfer the experimental J-R curves from laboratory to actual cracked components are proposed. Using the test data of J-R curves for the SENB specimens, a mathematical expression representing a family of the J-R curves is constructed for X80. It is shown that the predicted J-R curves developed in this paper match well with experimental data for both SENB and SENT specimens. To demonstrate its application in assessing flaw instability, a pipeline with an axial surface crack is considered. For a crack depth of 50% of the wall thickness, the predicted J-R curve is found to be higher than that for the SENB specimen with the same crack length to width ratio. From this predicted J-R curve and crack driving force obtained by finite element analysis, the failure pressures of the pipeline at the crack initiation and instability are determined and discussed.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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