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Justification of the Small Process Zone Case of the Two Extremes Procedure for Quantifying Fracture Initiation at a Blunt Flaw

[+] Author Affiliations
E. Smith

University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Paper No. PVP2005-71120, pp. 69-72; 4 pages
  • ASME 2005 Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference
  • Volume 6: Materials and Fabrication
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, July 17–21, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Pressure Vessels and Piping Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4191-X | eISBN: 0-7918-3763-7
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME


With the cohesive process zone representation of the micro-mechanistic processes that are associated with fracture as a basis, the author is involved in a wide-ranging research programme, the objective being to extend the sharp crack fracture mechanics methodology to blunt flaws, so as to take credit for the blunt flaw geometry. In earlier work, a blunt flaw fracture initiation relation has been derived, subject to the restriction that the process zone size s is small compared with the flaw depth (length) or any characteristic dimension of a configuration other than the root radius ρ. This relation gives the critical elastic flaw-tip peak stress σpcr , and has been derived using a two extremes procedure, whereby the separate solutions for small and large s/ρ are blended together so as to give a single relation that is valid for the complete spectrum of s/ρ values. The small s/ρ solution was obtained by inputting the stress field in the immediate vicinity of the flaw root into an analysis of the behaviour of a process zone at a planar surface. This paper provides formal justification for this small s/ρ procedure.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME



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