Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

The Physics of Deep Surge in an Automotive Turbocharger Centrifugal Compression System

[+] Author Affiliations
Rick Dehner, Ahmet Selamet

Ohio State University, Columbus, OH

Paper No. IMECE2018-87716, pp. V011T01A006; 11 pages
  • ASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 11: Acoustics, Vibration, and Phononics
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, November 9–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5216-3
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME


Deep surge is a violent fluid instability that occurs within turbomachinery compression systems and limits the low-flow operating range. It is characterized by large amplitude pressure and flow rate fluctuations, where the cross-sectional averaged flow direction alternates between forward and reverse. When a compressor transitions into deep surge, the time-averaged compressor outlet pressure and temperature decrease and increase, respectively, along with a drastic rise in narrowband, low-frequency noise.

The present study includes both measurements and predictions from a turbocharger centrifugal compressor installed on a gas stand. The compressor breathes air from ambient through an inlet duct with a bellmouth opening. The downstream compression system consists of a compressor outlet duct attached to a plenum with increased cross-sectional area, and an additional duct that connects the plenum outlet to a control valve. A detailed three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of this compression system was constructed to carry out unsteady surge predictions. The results included here capture the transition from mild to deep surge, as the flow rate at the outlet boundary (valve) is reduced. During this transition, the amplitude of pressure and flow rate fluctuations greatly increase until they reach a repeating cyclic structure characteristic of deep surge. During the deep surge portion of the prediction, pressure fluctuations are compared with measurements at the corresponding compressor inlet and outlet transducer locations, where the amplitudes and frequency exhibit excellent agreement.

The predicted flow-field throughout the compression system is studied in detail during operation in deep surge, in order to characterize the unsteady and highly 3D structures present within the impeller, diffuser, and compressor inlet duct. Key observations include a core flow region near the center of the inlet duct, where the flow remains in the forward direction throughout the deep surge cycle. The dominant noise generation occurs at the fundamental surge frequency, which is near the Helmholtz resonance of the compression system, along with harmonics at integer multiples of this fundamental frequency.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In