0

Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Full Frontal Impact Comparison of Steel and Carbon Fiber Composite Front Bumper Crush Can (FBCC) Structures

[+] Author Affiliations
Y. Dixit, P. Begeman, G. Newaz

Wayne State University, Detroit, MI

D. Board, O. Faruque

Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Y. Chen

Optimal CAE, Inc., Plymouth, MI

Paper No. IMECE2018-87110, pp. V009T12A013; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2018-87110
From:
  • ASME 2018 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 9: Mechanics of Solids, Structures, and Fluids
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, November 9–15, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5214-9
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME

abstract

This study compares the deformation characteristics of steel and carbon fiber composite (CFC) front bumper crush can (FBCC) assemblies when subjected to a full-overlap frontal impact into a rigid wall. Both the steel and composite bumper tests were conducted using a sled-on-sled testing method. Several high-speed cameras (HSCs) and accelerometers were used to gather kinematics data. The applied forces were measured using a load cell wall. For each test, the collective set of data was filtered, sorted, and analyzed to compare the performance of the steel and CFC bumpers.

Similarities in Acceleration-Time plots suggested resemblance in the deformation patterns for both types of bumper systems. The difference observed in the velocity and displacement time-histories was because of the brittle nature of the composite material. The velocity-time history of the CFC FBCC had two distinct patterns, events suggesting adhesive bond failure between the bumper beam and the crush cans, which was validated through video tracking. Post-impact photographs showed a clear difference between the material behavior of composite and steel bumpers when subjected to high-velocity impact. The steel bumper beam was bent uniformly with intact, equally crushed crush cans. The composite beam was cracked in the middle and was detached from the crush cans.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME

Figures

Tables

Interactive Graphics

Video

Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In