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Comparison of Near-Wall Flow and Heat Transfer of an Internal Combustion Engine Using Particle Image Velocimetry and Computational Fluid Dynamics

[+] Author Affiliations
Angela Wu, Seunghwan Keum

General Motors Research and Development, Pontiac, MI

Mark Greene, David Reuss, Volker Sick

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Paper No. ICEF2018-9676, pp. V002T06A015; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEF2018-9676
From:
  • ASME 2018 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • Volume 2: Emissions Control Systems; Instrumentation, Controls, and Hybrids; Numerical Simulation; Engine Design and Mechanical Development
  • San Diego, California, USA, November 4–7, 2018
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5199-9
  • Copyright © 2018 by ASME and General Motors

abstract

In this study, CFD modeling capability of near-wall flow and heat transfer was evaluated against experimental data. Industry-standard wall models for RANS and LES (law of the wall) were examined against near-wall flow and heat flux measurements from the transparent combustion chamber (TCC-III) engine. The study shows that the measured, normalized velocity profile does not follow law of the wall. This wall model, which provides boundary conditions for the simulations, failed to predict the measured velocity profiles away from the wall. LES showed reasonable prediction in peak heat flux and peak in-cylinder pressure to the experiment, while RANS-heat flux was closer to experimental heat flux but lower in peak pressure. The measurement resolution is higher than that of the simulations, indicating that higher spatial resolution for CFD is needed near the wall to accurately represent the flow and heat transfer. Near-wall mesh refinement was then performed in LES. The wall-normal velocity from the refined mesh case matches better with measurements compared to the wall-parallel velocity. Mesh refinement leads to a normalized velocity profile that matches with measurement in trend only. In addition, the heat flux and its peak value matches well with the experimental heat flux compared to the base mesh.

Copyright © 2018 by ASME and General Motors

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