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Analysis of a Large-Scale Cooling System Fan Gearbox Loads

[+] Author Affiliations
Charles H. O. Lombard, Daniel N. J. Els, Jacques Muiyser

University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa

Albert Zapke

ENEXIO Management GmbH, Herne, Germany

Paper No. GT2017-64302, pp. V001T09A009; 12 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine; Honors and Awards
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5077-0
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME


South Africa’s coal-fired power stations use super heated steam to drive generator turbines. In arid regions, air-cooled condensers (ACCs) are used to condense the process steam. These ACCs consists of an array of over 200 axial flow fans, each driven by a motor via a reduction gearbox. Distorted fan inlet air flow conditions cause transient blade loading, which results in variations in output shaft bending and torque. A measurement project was conducted where the input and output shaft of such a gearbox were instrumented with strain gauges and wireless bridge amplifiers. Gearbox shaft speed and vibration were also measured. Torsional and bending strains were measured for a variety of operational conditions, where correlations were seen between gearbox loading and wind conditions. The input side experienced no unexpected loads from the motor or changing wind conditions, whereas output shaft loading was influenced by the latter. Digital filters were applied to identify specific bending components, such as the influence of fan hub misalignment and dynamic blade loading. Reverse loading of the gearbox was measured during the fan stop period, and vibration analysis revealed torsional and gearbox vibrations. This investigation documented reliable full scale ACC gearbox loads.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME



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