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Reducing Nacelle Pressure Drag

[+] Author Affiliations
D. J. Cerantola, M. S. Zawislak, A. M. Birk

Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada

Paper No. GT2017-63978, pp. V001T01A021; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2017-63978
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine; Honors and Awards
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, June 26–30, 2017
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5077-0
  • Copyright © 2017 by ASME

abstract

Decreasing drag on aircraft components was beneficial towards improving fuel economy and operational range. A generic axisymmetric nacelle-strut configuration typical of those housing fuselage-mounted engines was evaluated at a Reynolds number of 6 × 105 based on the nacelle maximum diameter d = 26.5 cm and an angle of attack of 20 deg. It was estimated that drag could be reduced by 20%. Three case studies were evaluated that added a fillet to the nacelle-strut corner, vortex generating triangular tabs, and flow-path obstructing vanes to improve flow control by reducing suction-side separation. Experimental results showed that a 0.11 d radius of curvature fillet reduced drag by 8% with respect to the baseline case. Numerical results employing the realizable k-ε turbulence model with wall functions predicted no improvements with the tabs and an 8% reduction with the vanes.

Copyright © 2017 by ASME

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