Full Content is available to subscribers

Subscribe/Learn More  >

Improving Robotic Actuator Torque Density and Efficiency Through Enhanced Heat Transfer

[+] Author Affiliations
Anirban Mazumdar, Steven J. Spencer, Clinton Hobart, Michael Kuehl, Gregory Brunson, Nadia Coleman, Stephen P. Buerger

Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM

Paper No. DSCC2016-9738, pp. V002T26A004; 10 pages
  • ASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Mechatronics; Mechatronics and Controls in Advanced Manufacturing; Modeling and Control of Automotive Systems and Combustion Engines; Modeling and Validation; Motion and Vibration Control Applications; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Path Planning and Motion Control; Robot Manipulators; Sensors and Actuators; Tracking Control Systems; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Dynamic Controls; Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Control
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, October 12–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5070-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Electric motors are a popular choice for mobile robots because they can provide high peak efficiencies, high speeds, and quiet operation. However, the continuous torque performance of these actuators is thermally limited due to joule heating, which can ultimately cause insulation breakdown. In this work we illustrate how motor housing design and active cooling can be used to significantly improve the ability of the motor to transfer heat to the environment. This can increase continuous torque density and reduce energy consumption. We present a novel housing design for brushless DC motors that provides improved heat transfer. This design achieves a 50% increase in heat transfer over a nominal design. Additionally, forced air or water cooling can be easily added to this configuration. Forced convection increases heat transfer over the nominal design by 79% with forced air and 107% with pumped water. Finally, we show how increased heat transfer reduces power consumption and we demonstrate that strategically spending energy on cooling can provide net energy savings of 4% – 6%.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



Interactive Graphics


Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature

Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal

Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In