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Disturbance Observer Based Control Design for Wind Turbine Speed Regulation

[+] Author Affiliations
Yuan Yuan, Xu Chen, Jiong Tang

University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT

Paper No. DSCC2016-9873, pp. V002T22A008; 7 pages
  • ASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Mechatronics; Mechatronics and Controls in Advanced Manufacturing; Modeling and Control of Automotive Systems and Combustion Engines; Modeling and Validation; Motion and Vibration Control Applications; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Path Planning and Motion Control; Robot Manipulators; Sensors and Actuators; Tracking Control Systems; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Dynamic Controls; Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Control
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, October 12–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5070-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


Disturbance observer based (DOB) control has been implemented in motion control to reject unknown or time-varying disturbances. In this research, an internal model-based disturbance observer (DOB) design combined with a PID type feedback controller is formulated for wind turbine speed and power regulation. The DOB controller facilitates model-based estimation and cancellation of disturbance using an inner feedback control loop. The disturbance observer combined with a compensator is further designed to deal with the model mismatch. The proposed method is applied to National Renewable Energy laboratory (NREL) offshore 5-MW wind turbine. Our case studies show that the DOB controller can achieve improved speed and power regulation compared to the baseline PID controller, and exhibit excellent robustness under different turbulent wind fields.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Topics: Design , Wind turbines



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