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A Coordinated Boost Control in a Twincharged Spark Ignition Engine With High External Dilution

[+] Author Affiliations
Shima Nazari, Anna Stefanopoulou, Rani Kiwan

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Vasilios Tsourapas

Eaton, Southfield, MI

Paper No. DSCC2016-9691, pp. V002T20A003; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/DSCC2016-9691
From:
  • ASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Mechatronics; Mechatronics and Controls in Advanced Manufacturing; Modeling and Control of Automotive Systems and Combustion Engines; Modeling and Validation; Motion and Vibration Control Applications; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Path Planning and Motion Control; Robot Manipulators; Sensors and Actuators; Tracking Control Systems; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Dynamic Controls; Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Control
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, October 12–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5070-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

This paper proposes a novel master-slave control strategy for coordination of throttle, wastegate and supercharger actuators in an electrically twincharged engine in order to guarantee efficient boost control during transients, while at steady state a throttle-wastegate coordination provides minimum engine backpressure hence engine efficiency elevation. The benefits and challenges associated with Low Pressure Exhaust Gas Recirculation (LP-EGR) in a baseline turbocharged engine, including improved engine efficiency, mainly due to better combustion phasing, and sluggish engine response to a torque demand due to slowed down air path dynamics were studied and quantified in [1]. Hence in this paper an electrical Eaton TVS roots type supercharger at high pressure side of the turbocharger compressor (TC compressor) is added to the baseline turbocharged engine and the performance of the proposed controller in the presence of LP-EGR, which is a more demanding condition, is evaluated and compared to the turbocharged engine. One dimensional (1D) crankangle resolved engine simulations show that the proposed master-slave control strategy can effectively improve the transient response of the twincharged engine, making it comparable to naturally aspirated engines, while the consumed electrical energy during transients can be recovered from the decreased fuel consumption due to LP-EGR conditions at steady state in approximately 1 second. Finally, a simple controller is developed to bypass the TC compressor and maximize the engine feeding charge during the transients in order to avoid TC compressor choking and achieve faster response.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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