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Design Considerations for Waste Energy Recovery With Electric Turbocompounding

[+] Author Affiliations
Rasoul Salehi, Rani Kiwan, Jason Martz, Anna G. Stefanopoulou

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Paper No. DSCC2016-9819, pp. V002T19A004; 9 pages
  • ASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Mechatronics; Mechatronics and Controls in Advanced Manufacturing; Modeling and Control of Automotive Systems and Combustion Engines; Modeling and Validation; Motion and Vibration Control Applications; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Path Planning and Motion Control; Robot Manipulators; Sensors and Actuators; Tracking Control Systems; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Dynamic Controls; Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Control
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, October 12–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5070-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


This paper studies the use of an electric turbogenerator (ETG) for waste energy recovery from the exhaust gas of a 13 L Heavy Duty Diesel (HDD) engine. Up to 1% brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) reduction is predicted for this system at high engine loads using a validated mean value engine model. However, the addition of the ETG reduces the air-fuel equivalence ratio (λ) and increases exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rate by 10%, deteriorating the engine-out smoke emissions. This challenge is addressed by decreasing the EGR valve position and the asymmetry in the twin scroll turbine. With these modifications, the predicted high load BSFC reduction is 2% and the EGR and λ approach their original values.

The HDD engine is then tested experimentally with the ETG emulated by a valve downstream of the main turbocharger. The experimental results confirm the simulation predictions with the stock engine calibration and geometry, where EGR valve sweeps show the potential of this actuator for remedying the detrimental ETG backpressure effects, which ultimately improves the combined engine and ETG BSFC by 0.6% at high loads. Combining the simulated turbo sizing and the experimental EGR valve results indicates that up to 1.6% BSFC reductions are possible for the HDD engine with an integrated ETG, without deteriorating emission levels. Finally, simulations show that during a torque step the ETG should be bypassed to avoid deterioration in the dynamic response of the engine.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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