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Mechatronics-Based Analysis of a 4x4 Vehicle Lateral Dynamics With Passive and Active Drivelines

[+] Author Affiliations
Vladimir V. Vantsevich, Jesse R. Paldan

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL

Paper No. DSCC2016-9683, pp. V002T17A003; 10 pages
  • ASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Mechatronics; Mechatronics and Controls in Advanced Manufacturing; Modeling and Control of Automotive Systems and Combustion Engines; Modeling and Validation; Motion and Vibration Control Applications; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Path Planning and Motion Control; Robot Manipulators; Sensors and Actuators; Tracking Control Systems; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Dynamic Controls; Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Control
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, October 12–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5070-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


This paper presents a mechatronic modeling analysis of a 4×4 hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) which uses an active driveline system connected to the hybrid powertrain. This active driveline uses a power-splitting device, named a Hybrid-Electric Power-Transmitting Unit (HE-PTU) to control the power split between the front and rear axles. The mathematical model of the active driveline along with two passive drivelines demonstrates the coupling of driveline-steering-system influenced lateral dynamics of the vehicle. Thus, a more flexible, active driveline is able to effectively decouple the driveline and steering systems by producing a compensating torque that influences the tire lateral forces and thus vehicle lateral dynamics. Because of the multiple domains involved in modeling the HE-PTU, a mechatronics-based modeling solution is required to demonstrate the advantage of the active driveline. The mechatronics-based simulation results show how use of the active driveline with a hybrid-electric power transmitting unit can improve the vehicle’s turnability and stability characteristics.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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