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Complex Non-Minimum Phase Zeros in the Dynamics of Double Parallelogram Flexure Module Based Flexure Mechanisms

[+] Author Affiliations
Leqing Cui, Chinedum Okwudire, Shorya Awtar

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Paper No. DSCC2016-9658, pp. V002T17A002; 10 pages
  • ASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference
  • Volume 2: Mechatronics; Mechatronics and Controls in Advanced Manufacturing; Modeling and Control of Automotive Systems and Combustion Engines; Modeling and Validation; Motion and Vibration Control Applications; Multi-Agent and Networked Systems; Path Planning and Motion Control; Robot Manipulators; Sensors and Actuators; Tracking Control Systems; Uncertain Systems and Robustness; Unmanned, Ground and Surface Robotics; Vehicle Dynamic Controls; Vehicle Dynamics and Traffic Control
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, October 12–14, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: Dynamic Systems and Control Division
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5070-1
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME


This paper presents a model to explain complex non-minimum phase (CNMP) zeros seen in the non-collocated frequency response of a large displacement XY flexure mechanism, which employs multiple double parallelogram flexure modules (DPFM) as building-blocks. Geometric non-linearities associated with large displacement along with the kinematic under-constraint in the DPFM, lead to a coupling between the X and Y direction displacements. Via a lumped-parameter model that captures the most relevant geometric non-linearity, it is shown that specific combinations of the operating point (i.e. flexure displacement) and mass asymmetry (due to manufacturing tolerances) give rise to CNMP zeros. This model demonstrates the merit of an intentionally asymmetric design over an intuitively symmetric design in avoiding CNMP zeros. Furthermore, a study of how the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the flexure mechanism vary with the operating point and mass asymmetry indicates the presence of curve veering when the system transitions from minimum phase to CNMP. Based on this, the hypothesis of an inherent correlation between CNMP zeros and curve veering is proposed.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME



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