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Analysis of Droplet Impingement Characteristics of Aero-Engine Nose Cone With Hot Air Film

[+] Author Affiliations
Huiyun Yang, Peng Ke, Chunxin Yang

Beihang University, Beijing, China

Paper No. GT2016-57086, pp. V001T01A023; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2016-57086
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2016: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine
  • Seoul, South Korea, June 13–17, 2016
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-4968-2
  • Copyright © 2016 by ASME

abstract

A new nose cone ice protection configuration with hot air film slot was investigated, where the surface need to be protected could be heated with interior impingement heat transfer and exterior hot air film. Numerical simulation methods using computational fluid dynamics code were developed and validated to find the effects of the jetted air film on the droplet impingement characteristics. Combination of two-dimensional axisymmetric algorithm and Lagrangian method were adopted to solve the air flow field and the droplet trajectories. The simulation methods were validated with the results from the experimental data. The droplet impingement characteristics on two structures were investigated respectively, the intact cone without film slot and the slotted cone. Results show that the surface local collection coefficient changes significantly behind the film slot because of the blowing effect of the air film on the incoming droplets, and the variation of the local collection coefficient is very dependent on the droplet diameter for a given blowing ratio, or the blowing ratio for a given droplet size. Some different effects, such as “fully blowing-off”, “blowing behind” and “limited blowing-off”, may happen for different combination of droplets size and blowing ratio. Compared with the cone without film slot, the blowing effect is more significant for smaller droplets or higher blowing ratio. Besides that, the total collection coefficient maybe only half of those without film for some conditions.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME

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