Offshore wind energy development has gained considerable momentum around the world as wind is stronger and steadier offshore compared to land. This has led to a significant increase in production in recent years, especially offshore wind turbine embedded in shallow waters, such as the recent large scale offshore wind farms in the Northern Europe region. Being at the offshore waters, the wind turbines are subjected to harsh environment. The pile supporting the wind turbine must be reliable and able to withstand such sea condition. It is an important part of the design to study the structural behaviour of the piles under the wave loads.
Due to the significant capital cost associated with the fabrication of the large circular cylinders, a new recommended innovative design to overcome such problem is to substitute the circular cylinder with a vertical monopile of octagonal cross-sectional shape. This paper describes the development of an efficient numerical model for structural analysis of wave interaction with octagonal pile using a modified semi analytical Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method (SBFEM). In contrast to the existing solutions obtained using the traditional methods such as the Finite Element Method (FEM) which typically suffer from high computational cost and the Boundary Element Method (BEM) which faces limitation from fundamental equations and problems with singularities. The most prominent advantage that SBFEM has over the FEM is in terms of the number of elements used for calculation and hence a reduction in computational time. When compared with BEM, the SBFEM does not suffer from computational stability problems.Copyright © 2014 by ASME