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An Inverse Heat Transfer Approach to Mitigating Sources of Experimental Error in Transient Heat Transfer Experiments

[+] Author Affiliations
James L. Rutledge, Jonathan F. McCall

Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright Patterson AFB, OH

Paper No. GT2013-94583, pp. V03CT14A007; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94583
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3C: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5516-4

abstract

The Inverse Flux Solver for Arbitrary Waveforms (IFSAW) algorithm is a transient, simultaneous solution of time resolved adiabatic effectiveness, η(t), and heat transfer coefficient, h(t). Numerical simulations showed IFSAW maintained its high accuracy despite two experimental sources of error typically found when using a transient heat transfer method. The traditional transient method involves exposing a film cooled wind tunnel model at uniform temperature to a step change in freestream temperature. The experimental design results in nearly one-dimensional heat transfer and allows the surface to be modeled as semi-infinite. Typically, the surface temperature history is correlated to an analytical solution to the governing heat transfer equation (yielding η and h), but the required temperature step change is impossible to achieve in a laboratory. This paper first analyzed the error introduced by imperfect step changes and evaluated an alternative methodology, IFSAW, requiring only an arbitrary change in freestream temperature occurring at any rate. Secondly, severe error in h (found in locations where η is near unity because the surface temperature changes little from the initial temperature) was shown to be mitigated using IFSAW combined with a gradual change in coolant temperature at any point during measurement. With both complications, IFSAW maintains its ability to determine periodic η(t) and h(t) waveforms. In these ways, IFSAW is shown to be superior to the legacy transient method.

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