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Experimental Investigation Into Thermal Behavior of Steam Turbine Components: Part 3 — Startup and the Impact on LCF Life

[+] Author Affiliations
Gabriel Marinescu, Michael Sell, Andreas Ehrsam, Philipp B. Brunner

Alstom Power, Baden, Switzerland

Paper No. GT2013-94356, pp. V03CT14A006; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/GT2013-94356
From:
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
  • Volume 3C: Heat Transfer
  • San Antonio, Texas, USA, June 3–7, 2013
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5516-4
  • Copyright © 2013 by Alstom Technology

abstract

Steam turbine start-up has a significant impact on the cyclic fatigue life. Modern steam turbines are operated at high temperatures for optimal efficiency, which results in high temperature differences relative to the condition before start-up. To achieve the fastest possible start-up time without reducing the lifetime of the turbine components due to excessive thermal stress, the start-up procedure of cyclic turbines is optimized to follow the specific material low cycle fatigue limit. For such optimization and to ensure reliable operation, it is essential to fully understand the thermal behavior of the components during start-up. This is especially challenging in low flow conditions, i.e. during pre-warming and early loading phase. A two-dimensional numerical procedure is described for the assessment of the thermal regime during start-up. The calculation procedure includes the rotor, casings, valves and main pipes. The concept of the start-up calculation is to replace the convective effect of the steam in the turbine cavity by an equivalent fluid over-conductivity that gives the same thermal effect on metallic parts. This approach allows simulating accurately the effect of steam ingestion during pre-warming phase. The fluid equivalent over-conductivity is calibrated with experimental data. At the end of the paper the impact of ingested steam temperature and mass-flow on the rotor cyclic lifetime is demonstrated. This paper is a continuation of papers [1] and [2].

Copyright © 2013 by Alstom Technology
Topics: Steam turbines

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