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An Experimental Investigation of Steam Ejector Refrigeration Systems

[+] Author Affiliations
J. M. Dong, H. B. Ma

Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning, China; University of Missouri, Columbia, MO

D. A. Pounds

University of Missouri, Columbia, MO

P. Cheng

ThermAvant Technologies, LLC, Columbia, MO

X. X. Pan

Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning, China

Paper No. IMECE2011-63777, pp. 551-557; 7 pages
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat and Mass Transport Processes, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5496-9
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME


A steam ejector refrigeration system with a movable primary nozzle was developed in order to determine the nozzle exit position (NXP) effect on the coefficient of performance (COP). Experimental results show that an optimum NXP exists for the ejector system investigated herein. In addition, the effects of the operation temperature, diffuser size, nozzle throat diameter, and structure of mixing chamber on the COP and cooling capacity were conducted experimentally. It was found that the critical condenser pressure and COP can be increased by increasing the low-temperature-evaporator (LTE) temperature and pressure. Although an increase of the high-temperature-evaporator (HTE) can increase the critical condenser pressure, the system COP did not increase as the HTE temperature increased. While the diffuser size significantly affected the critical back pressure, it had almost no effect on the system COP. A finned mixing chamber was tested at NXP = 0mm and NXP = 36mm. Compared with the regular mixing chamber, the finned mixing chamber can increase the critical back pressure. The results provide a better understanding of heat transfer and fluid flow mechanisms occurring in a steam ejector refrigeration system.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME



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