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Heat Transfer Performance of a Dual-Chamber Finned Solar Absorber for Concentrating Solar Evaporator Applications

[+] Author Affiliations
Deborah A. Sunter, Van P. Carey

University of California, Berkeley, CA

Paper No. IMECE2011-64204, pp. 227-234; 8 pages
doi:10.1115/IMECE2011-64204
From:
  • ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
  • Volume 10: Heat and Mass Transport Processes, Parts A and B
  • Denver, Colorado, USA, November 11–17, 2011
  • Conference Sponsors: ASME
  • ISBN: 978-0-7918-5496-9
  • Copyright © 2011 by ASME

abstract

This paper explores the performance advantages of a novel design of an evaporator-superheater for Rankine solar applications. The solar absorber device consists of a dual-chamber design in which the outer chamber contains fins for enhanced heat transfer allowing for multi-pass working fluid to accomplish both single phase and multiphase heat transfer in a simple low-cost manner. Analytical models to predict heat transfer performance and frictional losses in this design are described. Nondimensional analysis compares multiple strip-fin configurations for the outer chamber to establish optimal constructions. Predicted performance of the dual-chamber design is compared to traditional single chamber solar absorber tube for a 10 kW case study. The design analysis indicates that the concentric dual-chamber design minimizes heat loss to the surroundings providing a high level of evaporator performance.

Copyright © 2011 by ASME

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