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An Analysis of Ring Temperature, Oil Film Temperature, Oil Film Thickness and Heat Transfer on a Piston Ring of an IC Engine in Consideration of Ring Movement in a Cycle

[+] Author Affiliations
Takashi Ishijima, Akiko Shimada, Yasuo Harigaya, Michiyoshi Suzuki

Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Japan

Masaaki Takiguchi

Musashi Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan

Paper No. ICES2006-1313, pp. 665-676; 12 pages
  • ASME 2006 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2006 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference (ICES2006)
  • Aachen, Germany, May 7–10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4206-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3775-0
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


An unsteady and two-dimensional thermohydrodynamic lubrication model in consideration of the ring movement and the heat flow from ring groove to piston ring was developed. The piston ring temperature in an internal combustion engine was analyzed by using the unsteady and two-dimensional form heat-conduction equation in consideration of axial movement of ring and heat flow from ring groove to ring during a cycle. The oil film temperature, oil film thickness and heat transfer between ring and liner surfaces were analyzed by using the calculated ring temperature taking into consideration cycle variation. The results are as follows. The heat flow rate around ring changes greatly with the ring movement and the ring sliding face temperature changes about 6 °C in a cycle. Then, the cycle mean temperature of ring sliding face becomes lower than the ring sliding face temperature calculated by the ring groove and liner surface temperatures under 2800 rpm and full load conditions. Therefore, the oil film viscosity is higher than that of the conventional viscosity model in which the viscosity was based on a constant ring sliding face temperature in a cycle. The oil film thickness predicted by the present method is thicker than that calculated by our previous method.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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