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Design Process for Resin Transfer Molded, Fiber Reinforced Poppet Valves for Internal Combustion Engines

[+] Author Affiliations
Richard T. Buckley, Jason T. Miwa, Donald Radford, Rudolf H. Stanglmaier

Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

Paper No. ICES2006-1319, pp. 525-538; 14 pages
  • ASME 2006 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2006 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference (ICES2006)
  • Aachen, Germany, May 7–10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4206-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3775-0
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME


A project has been undertaken to design, build and test internal combustion engine poppet valves made from resin transfer molded (RTM) Fiber Reinforced Composites (FRCs). For poppet-valve engines, the valve train mass and stiffness is of particular importance because valve train natural frequency and the onset of valve float and bounce typically limit the engine operating speed. This in turn limits engine power and performance. FRC poppet valves offer the potential for substantial mass reduction as well as increased component stiffness. This enables reduced power consumption by the valve train, and increased overall engine efficiency. Resin transfer molding was chosen because of potential for high-volume production and near-net shape products. Valve design details include; identification of valve operating requirements, fiber orientations, material selection, and evaluation of potential solutions using computerized structural analysis. Mold design includes; mold configuration requirements, fiber placement strategies evaluated, intermediate validation testing done and initial prototype configuration. Results include the final valve design for an exhaust valve, fiber and matrix material selection, fiber placement strategy, and mold configuration. Plans for additional validation testing are presented.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME



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