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Exhaust System Gas-Dynamics in Internal Combustion Engines

[+] Author Affiliations
R. Pearson, M. Bassett

Lotus Engineering, Norwich, UK

P. Virr, S. Lever, A. Early

Renault F1 Team, Oxfordshire, UK

Paper No. ICES2006-1444, pp. 187-196; 10 pages
doi:10.1115/ICES2006-1444
From:
  • ASME 2006 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference
  • ASME 2006 Internal Combustion Engine Division Spring Technical Conference (ICES2006)
  • Aachen, Germany, May 7–10, 2006
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4206-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3775-0
  • Copyright © 2006 by ASME

abstract

The sensitivity of engine performance to gas-dynamic phenomena in the exhaust system has been known for around 100 years but is still relatively poorly understood. The nonlinearity of the wave-propagation behaviour renders simple empirical approaches ineffective, even in a single-cylinder engine. The adoption of analytical tools such as engine-cycle-simulation codes has enabled greater understanding of the tuning mechanisms but for multi-cylinder engines has required the development of accurate models for pipe junctions. The present work examines the propagation of pressure waves through pipe junctions using shock-tube rigs in order to validate a computational model. Following this the effects of exhaust-system gas dynamics on engine performance are discussed using the results from an engine-cycle-simulation program based on the equations of one-dimensional compressible fluid flow.

Copyright © 2006 by ASME

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