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Laser Ignition of Natural Gas Engines Using Fiber Delivery

[+] Author Affiliations
Azer P. Yalin, Morgan W. Defoort, Sachin Joshi, Daniel Olsen, Bryan Willson

Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO

Yuji Matsuura, Mitsunobu Miyagi

Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

Paper No. ICEF2005-1336, pp. 633-641; 9 pages
doi:10.1115/ICEF2005-1336
From:
  • ASME 2005 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference
  • ASME 2005 Internal Combustion Engine Division Fall Technical Conference (ICEF2005)
  • Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, September 11–14, 2005
  • Conference Sponsors: Internal Combustion Engine Division
  • ISBN: 0-7918-4736-5 | eISBN: 0-7918-3768-8
  • Copyright © 2005 by ASME

abstract

A practical impediment to implementation of laser ignition systems has been the open-path beam delivery used in past research. In this contribution, we present the development and implementation of a fiber-optically delivery laser spark ignition system. To our knowledge, the work represents the first demonstration of fiber coupled laser ignition (using a remote laser source) of a natural gas engine. A Nd:YAG laser is used as the energy source and a coated hollow fiber is used for beam energy delivery. The system was implemented on a single-cylinder of a Waukesha VGF 18 turbo charged natural gas engine and yielded consistent and reliable ignition. In addition to presenting the design and testing of the fiber delivered laser ignition system, we present initial design concepts for a multiplexer to ignite multiple cylinders using a single laser source, and integrated optical diagnostic approaches to monitor the spark ignition and combustion performance.

Copyright © 2005 by ASME

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