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Investigation of Ammonia Formation During Gasification in an Air Blown Spouted Bed

[+] Author Affiliations
N. Paterson, Y. Zhuo, D. R. Dugwell, R. Kandiyoti

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, UK

Paper No. GT2002-30012, pp. 191-196; 6 pages
  • ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air
  • Volume 1: Turbo Expo 2002
  • Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002
  • Conference Sponsors: International Gas Turbine Institute
  • ISBN: 0-7918-3606-1 | eISBN: 0-7918-3601-0
  • Copyright © 2002 by ASME


High NH3 concentrations were measured in the fuel gas produced by a pilot scale, air blown gasifier that was operated by British Coal. A laboratory scale gasifier has subsequently been developed to investigate the reactions that produce these potentially high concentrations. It has been found that in addition to the NH3 formed through pyrolytic processes, the introduction of steam (or H2 produced by its decomposition) increases the amount formed. The latter reaction produced the higher proportion of the total NH3 . The effect of the gasifier operating conditions on the amount of NH3 formed has been studied. The main control options to minimise the NH3 formed are using an alternative method of bed temperature control (i.e. avoid the use of steam), operating with higher bed temperatures and operation at lower pressures.

Copyright © 2002 by ASME



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